As she waits, she is spotted by her friend Lawrence Selden. He invites her to have tea with him at his flat, the Benedick.
Table of Contents The Novel of Manners The House of Mirth is a novel about the personal struggle to fit into society and, ultimately, to get married. This places the book in a long-standing literary tradition known as the novel of manners, a form developed most notably by Sir Walter Scott and Jane Austen.
Austen's Pride and Prejudice and Sense and Sensibility are pioneer works of this literary genre. The tradition developed in England throughout the 19th century, as authors such as George Eliot and Henry James explored the place of women in society and the social effect of marriage, showing in particular the problems that come with marriage and conforming to society.
The form developed some specific conventions in the 19th century. First, the protagonist is usually a single woman looking to get married.
Second, socio-economic class must be a factor in determining whom the woman will marry. Third, the novel must include many scenes that portray the proper and improper way to act within high society, and also outline differences and relations between classes.
|The - Wikipedia||Nominated for the Hugo Award A purpose of human lifeno matter who is controlling it, is to love whoever is around to be loved. The triumph of anything is a matter of organization.|
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|Lesson Plans, Teaching Guides, Learning Resources (blog-mmorpg.com)||Biographical sources Last page of letter from Austen to her sister, Cassandra, 11 June There is little biographical information about Jane Austen's life except the few letters that survive and the biographical notes her family members wrote. Ostensibly, Cassandra destroyed or censored her sister's letters to prevent their falling into the hands of relatives and ensuring that "younger nieces did not read any of Jane Austen's sometimes acid or forthright comments on neighbours or family members".|
|The House of Mirth, Edith Wharton - Essay - blog-mmorpg.com||Early American writers first had to ensure their own survival before they could think about writing for entertainment.|
And finally, the novel of manners usually ends with either the marriage or death of the female protagonist. Austen's Sense and Sensibility is a good example of this form.
The protagonist, Elinor, is looking to get married, preferably to someone of a higher social class, and after many scenes of London society seen in dinner parties and elegant balls, Elinor marries Edward Ferrars. Foster's The Coquette has the same elements, but it ends in the death of the female protagonist.
During the late 19th century, the novel of manners was one of the most popular novel genres, but it was also a predominantly British form. Many people questioned whether such a genre could exist in America, where there are no official social classes.
Wharton, as we can see, adapted the form in her own way to better suit the New York society.
Instead of a legitimized aristocracy, Wharton creates a social circle comprised of elegant New York snobs. Class mobility, not present in most British manners novels, is a large factor in The House of Mirth, which shows the attempts of Lily to assimilate herself into the elite group, only to slide down the social scale into the working class before her death.
In fact, Lily's primary goal is not to marry for happiness, as is seen in many Austen characters, but rather for social security.
A marriage to Percy Gryce, Lily decides at the beginning of the novel, would be the best way to assure herself of good social standing and a steady income. The House of Mirth also examines the long physical and mental decline of a young woman who, because of her own cowardice and indecision, slips out of social prominence into poverty and dinginess.
The novel presents a very harsh dose of reality and ends rather pathetically.
Instead of marrying and living happily ever after, or tragically dying during childbirth the two most common endings in the genreLily fades away slowly and commits suicide, perhaps unintentionally, as a means of escaping from a lower-class world in which her upper-class sensibilities cannot survive.
Lily's life is the antithesis of nobility or glory; she had every opportunity to live the type of life she dreamed about, but lost it all.
Wharton's manipulation of the genre makes the novel a good example of the American realism movement, which began roughly after Reconstruction the late s and lasted until just after World War I the early s.
The English novel of manners was developed during the Romanticism movement, which placed a literary emphasis on emotion rather than reason, and the ideal rather than reality. Realism, to which Wharton subscribed, grew out of Darwinist ideas of natural selection and survival of the fittest.
To Wharton, the existing novel of manners had not adequately dealt with the fall from society that many people in New York experienced if they ran out of money or did not marry well.
The House of Mirth, then, can perhaps best be viewed as an attempt to add a very dark truth to an otherwise optimistic genre, an attempt consistent with the literary spirit of the time in which Wharton was writing.I sometimes wondered what the use of any of the arts was.
The best thing I could come up with was what I call the canary in the coal mine theory of the arts. This theory says that artists are useful to society because they are so sensitive. They are super-sensitive.
The House of Mirth Edith Wharton (Full name Edith Newbold Jones Wharton) American novelist, short story writer, poet, memoirist, autobiographer, travel . Jane Austen (/ ˈ ɒ s t ɪ n, ˈ ɔː s-/; 16 December – 18 July ) was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels, which interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century.
Austen's plots often explore the dependence of women on marriage in the pursuit of favourable social standing and economic security. If searching for a ebook New Essays on 'The House of Mirth' (The American Novel) in pdf form, in that case you come on to the correct website.
The New Lifetime Reading Plan by The New Lifetime Reading Plan. Clifton Paul "Kip" Fadiman (May 15, – June 20, ) was an American intellectual, author, editor, radio and television personality.
The House of Mirth () was a novel of manners that analyzed the stratified society in which she had been reared and its reaction to social change. The book won her critical acclaim and a wide audience. The House of Seven Gables as a Gothic Novel - The House of Seven Gables as a Gothic Novel To be a paradigm of a Gothic novel, The House of Seven Gables needs to include many elements, all which center on the ideas of gloom, horror, and mystery. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for New Essays on 'The House of Mirth' (The American Novel) Tillman's essay, "A mole in the house of the modern," is the reason to own this collection. It's a staggeringly beautiful work of literary analysis.
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