Also very Jim Olson: He designed every piece of furniture inside it, save the dining-area chairs. We spoke with Olson, a founding partner of Seattle-based architectural powerhouse Olson Kundigabout this special place; the celebratory new book that extols it on two covers 25 distinguished project profiles await inside ; and a momentous career of buildings, design and discoveries. The things that are different:
Buddhism is not a theistic religion—the Buddha is not a god—and so a person taking refuge in the Buddhist sense is not asking for the Buddha personally to intervene to provide protection.
Because the mind is the source both of the dangers and of release, there is a need for two levels of refuge: The internal level is where true refuge is found.
We still need the same protection as they. When a Buddhist takes refuge, it is essentially an act of taking refuge in the doctrine of karma: The refuges in Buddhism—both on the internal and on the external levels—are the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha, also known as the Triple Gem.
They are called gems both because they are valuable and because, in ancient times, gems were believed to have protective powers. The Triple Gem outdoes other gems in this respect because its protective powers can be put to the test and can lead further than those of any physical gem, all the way to absolute freedom from the uncertainties of the realm of aging, illness, and death.
The Buddha, on the external level, refers to Siddhattha Gotama, the Indian prince who renounced his royal titles and went into the forest, meditating until he ultimately gained awakening.
To take refuge in the Buddha means, not taking refuge in him as a person, but taking refuge in the fact of his awakening: The Dhamma, on the external level, refers to the path of practice the Buddha taught to his followers.
This, in turn, is divided into three levels: The word Sangha, on the external level, has two senses: In its ideal sense, the Sangha consists of all people, lay or ordained, who have practiced the Dhamma to the point of gaining at least a glimpse of the Deathless.
In a conventional sense, Sangha denotes the communities of ordained monks and nuns.
The two meanings overlap but are not necessarily identical. Some members of the ideal Sangha are not ordained; some monks and nuns have yet to touch the Deathless. Only those who are ordained are members of the conventional Sangha; only those who have glimpsed the Deathless are members of the ideal Sangha.
When taking refuge in the external Sangha, one takes refuge in both senses of the Sangha, but the two senses provide different levels of refuge.
The conventional Sangha has helped keep the teaching alive for more than 2, years. Without them, we would never have learned what the Buddha taught. However, not all members of the conventional Sangha are reliable models of behavior. So when looking for guidance in the conduct of our lives, we must look to the living and recorded examples provided by the ideal Sangha.
Without their example, we would not know 1 that awakening is available to all, and not just to the Buddha; and 2 how awakening expresses itself in real life. On the internal level, the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha are the skillful qualities we develop in our own minds in imitation of our external models.
For instance, the Buddha was a person of wisdom, purity, and compassion. When we develop wisdom, purity, and compassion in our own minds, they form our refuge on an internal level.
The Buddha tasted awakening by developing conviction, persistence, mindfulness, concentration, and discernment. When we develop these same qualities to the point of attaining awakening too, that awakening is our ultimate refuge.
This is the point where the three aspects of the Triple Gem become one: This is also the point where we become members of the ideal Sangha, providing an example for anyone else who wants to find the same security inside.I.
Introduction Going for Refuge. The act of going for refuge marks the point where one commits oneself to taking the Dhamma, or the Buddha’s teaching, as the primary guide to one’s life.
The concrete Bauhaus-style blocks that form the core of Flaine were to exhibit the principle of shadow and light AN INTRODUCTION TO BLACK PREACHING STYLES (Note: a an introduction to the refuge from the concrete cassette, with an introduction to the refuge from the concrete keyed examples of excerpts from sermons, accompanied the original text.
The purpose of the guidelines is to provide repair methods for commonly found defects in concrete, masonry, steel, and/or timber structures, which are a part of routine maintenance of Australian Rail. Reinforced Concrete Structures, Volume 1, , Dr. B.
C. Punmia, Ashok Kumar This highly readable introduction brings together materialPoems, John Keats, Jun 30, ,, pages I Wish I Had a Red Dress, Pearl refuge, an isolated home .
CHAPE 1 Introduction to Concrete ConcreteSs versatility, durability, sustainability, and economy have made it the worldSs most widely used construction material.
The objective of this paper is to investigate the effect of thickness and moisture on temperature distributions of reinforced concrete walls under fire conditions. Toward this goal, the first three wall specimens having different thicknesses are heated for 2 h according to ISO standard heating.