Written in conversational style, it is simple in form yet profound in theme. The teachings are predominantly moral and philosophical in nature, than religious. The very opening line of the books shows Confucius in the light of a human being, where he describes the pleasure that one gets by constantly pursuing learning in life. In fact, he never claimed himself to be God.
General Essay on Chinese Religions Early Chinese religion belongs to the mythical and prehistoric period. Tradition speaks of the origins of Chinese culture lying in the 3rd millennium BCE with the Hsia dynasty. As of yet no historical evidence has been found for such a dynasty; all references to it are mythical.
It is only with the Shang dynasty, which is traditionally dated from to BCE, that we find evidence of a developing culture and religious practices. The religion of the Shang was principally characterised by the use of oracle bones for divination and the development of the cult of ancestors.
It was believed that the cracks that resulted from burning ox bones or tortoise shells represented messages sent from the gods about a variety of matters such as illness, the weather or hunting.
Belief in deities and the practice of the worship of ancestors has persisted in Chinese life, and has come to form the basis of what has broadly been termed popular religion. Popular religion in fact represents a mixture of early religion and elements Confucianism the chinas religion essay the three great religions: Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism.
At the heart of popular religion is the worship of deities and veneration of ancestors at shrines in the home or temples. There are many deities associated with this form of religion, but the best known are Shang Ti, the supreme ruler of heaven, and Kuan Yin, the goddess of mercy and protector of women and children.
In the Chou dynasty a more structured form of religion developed. Confucius sought to establish a socio-political ethical system, with theological beliefs concerned with human destiny and the conduct of human relationships in society, based on a belief in the goodness of human nature.
Such relationships were rooted in family piety which came to give a prominent place to Ancestor Worship and to respect for deified men, which came to find expression in the Sacrifices of the State religion.
The Confucian canon can be divided into two parts: The Five Classics were handed down from earlier times and emphasised by Confucius. Out of the teachings of Confucius emerged various schools associated with a master. Notable was the work of Meng-Tzu c.
Meng-Tzu and Hsun-Tzu formed rival schools whose doctrinal differences were based in a fundamentally different conception of human nature. Meng-Tzu taught that people were fundamentally good and that what made them bad was their environment.
Consequently, Meng-Tzu emphasised the importance of education as a means for bringing out the innate goodness of people. By way of contrast, Hsun-Tzu had a more pessimistic view of human nature.
Hsun-Tzu taught that people were inherently evil, and that they could only be taught to be good through training.
He also was religiously sceptical, teaching that religious ritual had no purpose except to provide moral training. At the same time that Confucianism was developing, two rival schools were active in China: Mohism was founded by Mo Tzu c.
Mo Tzu advocated universal love and opposed the elaborate and expensive rituals that defined Chinese religious life. Although during the 4th century Mohism was strong enough to rival Confucianism, it went into decline in the 3rd century, and by the time of the unification of China in had virtually disappeared.
It is unclear why the tradition declined so quickly. Legalism is more of a political philosophy than a religion.
The various strands of legalist doctrine were systematised by Han Fei Tzu d. Han Fei Tzu had been taught by Hsun Tzu and adopted his pessimistic attitude to human nature.Confucianism is not a religion, but it is more a philosophy and a guide to morality and good government.
The Laozian and Mohist critiques of the Confucianism are both in an accurate fashion. Most significant value from Lazi is The Tao Te Jing. Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
Confucianism: Religion or Philosophy? Essay. Confucius was a great personality with a deep quest for knowledge and love for truth - Confucianism: Religion or Philosophy?Essay introduction. Born in the turbulent times in China when feudal states were constantly in war against each other, he had always sought to restore peach and truth in society.
Filial Piety in Chinese Religion Filial piety was an integral part of Chinese culture and therefore was embraced by three of China's main religions: Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism.
Among the three, Confucianism, with its well documented social hierarchy, supported the ideals of filial piety the most. Confucianism is often characterized as a system of social and ethical philosophy rather than a religion.
In fact, Confucianism built on an ancient religious foundation to establish the social values, institutions, and transcendent ideals of traditional Chinese society.
CONFUCIANISM ORIGIN: * Founder: Confucius * A Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history. * The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity.