Friedrich schiller essays

His father died inand the family relocated to Naumburg, where he grew up in a household comprising his mother, grandmother, two aunts, and his younger sister, Elisabeth.

Friedrich schiller essays

This treatise first appeared in three segments with other writings: There are moments in our life, when we dedicate a kind of love and touching respect to nature in its plants, minerals, animals, landscapes, just as to human nature in its children, in the morals of country folk and of the primeval world, not because it is pleasing to our senses, not even because it satisfies our understanding or taste the opposite can often occur in respect to bothbut rather merely because it is nature.

Every fine man, who does not altogether lack feeling, experiences this, when he walks in the open, when he lives upon the land or tarries beside monuments of ancient times, in short, when he is surprised in artificial relations and situations with the sight of simple nature.

It is interest, not seldom elevated to need, which lies at the foundation of many of our fancies for flowers and animals, for simple gardens, for walks, for the country and its inhabitants, for many products of remote antiquity, etc. This kind of interest in nature takes place, however, only under two conditions.

First, it is entirely necessary, that the object which infuses us with the same, be nature or certainly be held by us therefor; second, that it in the broadest meaning of the word be naive, i. So soon as the last is added to the first, and not before, nature is changed into the naive.

Nature in this mode of contemplation is for us nothing other than voluntary existence, subsistence of things through themselves, existence according to its own unalterable laws. This conception is absolutely necessary, if we should take interest in such phenomena.

If one could give to an artificial flower by means of the most perfect deception, the appearance of nature, if one could carry the imitation of the naive in morals up to the highest illusion, so would the discovery, that it be imitation, completely destroy the feeling of which we are speaking.

What would even a plain flower, a spring, a mossy stone, the chirping of birds, the buzzing of bees, etc.

Friedrich schiller essays

What could give it any claim upon our love? It is not these objects, it is an idea represented through them, which we love in them. We love in them the quietly working life, the calm effects from out itself, existence under its own laws, the inner necessity, the eternal unity with itself.

They are what we were; they are what we ought to become once more. We were nature as they, and our culture should lead us back to nature, upon the path of reason and freedom.

They are therefore at the same time a representation of our lost childhood, which remains eternally most dear to us; hence, they fill us with a certain melancholy. At the same time, they are representations of our highest perfection in the ideal, hence, they transpose us into a sublime emotion.

But their perfection is not their merit, because it is not the work of its choice. They afford us, therefore, the entirely peculiar pleasure, that they, without shaming us, are our model. A constant divine appearance, they surround us, but more refreshingly than dazzlingly. What constitutes their character is precisely that which is lacking in ours to be complete; what distinguishes us from them is precisely that which is missing in them to be divine.

We are free, and they are necessary; we change, they remain the same. We therefore perceive in them eternally that which is missing from us, but after which we are required to strive, and which, although we never attain it, we nevertheless may hope to approach in an infinite progress.

We perceive in ourselves an advantage, which is wanting in them, but of which they can partake either never at all, such as those lacking in reason, or not other than if they go our way, such as in childhood. They provide us accordingly with the sweetest enjoyment of our human nature as idea, although they must necessarily humble us in regard to every determined state of our human nature.

Since this interest in nature is grounded upon an idea, so can it appear only in souls, which are susceptible to ideas, i. By far the majority of men merely affect it, and the universality of this sentimental taste to our times, which is expressed, especially since the appearance of certain writings, in sentimental journeys, such gardens, walks, and other fancies of this kind, is yet by no means proof of the universality of this manner of perception.

Nevertheless, nature will always express something of this effect even on those most lacking in feeling, because the predisposition to morality, which is common to all men, is already sufficient thereto and we are all driven to it in the idea, irrespective of how great the distance of our own acts is from the simplicity and truth of nature.

This sentimentality in respect to nature is especially strongly and most universally expressed at the instigation of such objects, which stand in a close connection with us and bring nearer to us the retrospective view of ourselves and the unnatural in us, as for example, with children or childlike nations.

One errs, if one believes, that it be merely the conception of helplessness, which sees to it that we dwell on children with so much emotion in certain moments.

That may perhaps be the case in respect to those, who in the face of weakness are accustomed never to feel something other than their own superiority. But the feeling of which I speak it takes place only in quite peculiar moral dispositions and is not to be mistaken for that which the joyous activity of children arouses in usis more humiliating than favorable to self-love; and if, indeed, an advantage comes thereby into view, so is this by no means on our side.Essays and criticism on Friedrich Schiller - Critical Essays.

Essays and criticism on Friedrich Schiller - Schiller, Friedrich. Karl Friedrich von Schlegel was born on 10 March at Hanover, where his father, Johann Adolf Schlegel, was the pastor at the Lutheran Market two years he studied law at Göttingen and Leipzig, and he met with Friedrich he devoted himself entirely to literary work.

In he moved to Jena, where his brother August Wilhelm lived, and here he collaborated with. Daniel O. Dahlstrom is Professor of Philosophy at Boston University, USA.

His previous publications include Interpreting Heidegger: Critical Essays (CUP, ), Heidegger's Concept of Truth (CUP, ) and Philosophical Legacies: Essays on the Thought of. Read more. Related Books. Also see SEP, EB, and ELC.. Sartre, Jean-Paul ().

French playwright, novelist, and philosopher who proposed an existentialist analysis of the human condition upon which our radical freedom typically produces feelings of anguish, forlorness, and despair.

For . The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Aesthetical Essays, by Friedrich Schiller This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever.

Friedrich schiller essays
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