It can be a lecture given by your professor, in which case quoting or referencing it may win you points for paying attention, or it can be a lecture that you attended by a well-known academic. Regardless of the source, citing lectures in your paper is handled in a similar fashion in the three major academic styles, APA, MLA and Chicago, with only a few minor differences. Write the speaker's last name, followed by a comma and her first name. Include an initial if she uses one for her middle name, and end with a period.
How did one man come to embody China's destiny? Five decades ago, as the chaos of the Cultural Revolution engulfed Beijing, the year-old Xi Jinping embarked on a harsh rural life amid the yellow canyons and mountains of inland China.
The region where Xi farmed was a bastion of the Communists during the civil war.
He leads a confident, rising superpower, but one which jealously polices what is said about its leaders. In Mao had decreed that millions of young people should move from the cities to the countryside to learn from the hard life of the peasants.
Xi says he did learn, and that the ideas and qualities which define him today were formed in his early cave life. When I left at 22, my life goals were firm and I was filled with confidence. Now the thoughts of Chairman Xi are posted on huge red hoardings and there is a museum in his honour.
It extols the good deeds he did for his fellow villagers but all trace of true personality has been expunged in a story so saintly it is hard to work out what is real.
In his first five years in office, Xi Jinping has built a personality cult. At its core is the image of a man of the people.
He has toured back-alley homes, ducking through washing lines. He has talked in earthy prose, telling students that life is like a shirt with buttons where you have to get the first few right or all the rest will be wrong. He has queued in a downmarket steamed-bun shop and paid for his own lunch. But I look past the superficial things - the power and the flowers and the glory and the applause.
I see the detention houses, the fickleness of human relationships. I understand politics on a deeper level. One of his sisters died, possibly driven to suicide. Chinese Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution Without parents or friends to protect him from the Red Guards dispensing the summary justice of the Cultural Revolution on the streets, the teenage Xi lived his second Beijing life, dodging death threats and detention.
Much later, he recalled an encounter in a conversation with a reporter.
Is it enough to execute me? Xi later reflected on his ability to listen to other points of view without necessarily bowing to them. There was no electricity, no motorised transport, no mechanical tools. The teenage Xi learned to carry manure, build dams and repair roads.
He shared the flea-ridden brick bed in his cave with three others. Instead by 18, Xi was ready to embark on his political career. The Climb Supremely pragmatic, a realist, with his "eyes on the prize" from early adulthood. Unlike many youths who "made up for lost time by having fun", Xi was exceptionally ambitious and focused.
His friend said his reserve, a certain distant quality, contributed to the failure of his first marriage to the daughter of a senior diplomat.
But it clearly contributed to the success of his political career. Until he reached the very top, his defining achievement was to have risen with barely a trace. The only time he drew attention to himself was when he married his current wife, a celebrity singer.
For many years the public joked: He is Peng Liyuan's husband.The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.
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Or just quote whatever lecturer said it "blah blah" (Doe, ), John Doe () suggested No, you need permission. Many, many, many lecturers/universities have copyrite.
An essay on Max Weber's view of objectivity in social science, by Steve Hoenisch. Also, “it starts to look like me and the feminists” should be “looks like I”.
And “untitled” doesn’t really make sense. And if biology is a hard science, it’s on the extreme soft edge of hard sciences.