Fenton observed that it came to serve a purpose as a social organization inside and among the nations, a constitution of the Iroquois Confederacy or League, ceremonies to be observed, and a binding history of peoples. Fenton also observed some nine common points focusing more simply on the narrative story line, : Kayogohono An untranslated version has been posted by the Smithsonian Institution. Horatio Hale published one in he traced somewhat earlier  which was reprinted by William N.
The first time it appears in writing is in the account of Samuel de Champlain of his journey to Tadoussac inwhere it occurs as "Irocois". Hewitt responded to Hale's etymology in by expressing doubt that either of those words exist in the respective languages.
By Ives Goddard could write: Day inwho elaborates upon an earlier etymology given by Charles Arnaud in For the first element irno, Day cites cognates from other attested Montagnais dialects: Basque fishermen and whalers are known to have frequented the waters of the Northeast in the s, so much so that a Basque-based pidgin developed for communication with the Algonquian tribes of the region.
Bakker claims that it is unlikely that "-quois" derives from a root specifically used to refer to the Iroquois, citing as evidence that several other Indian tribes of the region were known to the French by names terminating in the same element, e.
He proposes instead that the word derives from hilokoa via the intermediate form irokoafrom the Basque roots hil "to kill", ko the locative genitive suffixand a the definite article suffix.
Thus the word according to Bakker is translatable as "the killer people".
It is similar to other terms used by Eastern Algonquian tribes to refer to their enemy the Iroquois, which translate as "murderers".
The spelling "Hotinnonsionni" is also attested from later in the nineteenth century. Iroquois influence at the peak of its power extended into present-day Canada, westward along the Great Lakes and down both sides of the Allegheny mountains into present-day Virginia and Kentucky and into the Ohio Valley.
The League is governed by a Grand Council, an assembly of fifty chiefs or sachemseach representing one of the clans of one of the nations. Lawrence River, west of the Hudson River, and south into northwestern Pennsylvania. In or close tothe Tuscarora tribe joined the League,  having migrated from the Carolinas after being displaced by Anglo-European settlement.
Also an Iroquoian -speaking people, the Tuscarora were accepted into what became the Six Nations. Other independent Iroquoian-speaking peoples, such as the ErieSusquehannockHuron Wendat and Wyandotlived at various times along the St.
Lawrence Riverand around the Great Lakes. In the American Southeast, the Cherokee were an Iroquoian-language people who had migrated to that area centuries before European contact.
None of these was part of the Haudenosaunee. Those on the borders of Haudenosaunee territory in the Great Lakes region competed and warred with the member nations. Lawrence River area downstream to today's Montreal. Their first relations with them were for fur tradingwhich was favorable and became lucrative to both sides.
The colonists also sought to establish positive relations to secure their settlement borders. For nearly years the Iroquois were a powerful factor in North American colonial policy-making decisions.
Alignment with Iroquois offered political and strategic advantages to the European colonies, but the Iroquois preserved considerable independence.
Some of their people settled in mission villages along the St. Lawrence River, becoming more closely tied to the French. While they participated in French raids on Dutch and later English settlements, where some Mohawk and other Iroquois settled, in general the Iroquois resisted attacking their own peoples.
The Iroquois remained a politically unique, undivided, large Native American polity up until the American Revolution.
The League kept its treaty promises to the British Crown. But when the British were defeated, they ceded the Iroquois territory without consultation; many Iroquois had to abandon their lands in the Mohawk Valley and elsewhere and relocate in the northern lands retained by the British.
The Crown gave them land in compensation for the 5 million acres they had lost in the south, but it was not equivalent to earlier territory.
The Iroquois League has also been known as the "Iroquois Confederacy". Modern scholars distinguish between the League and the Confederacy. According to that theory, "The League" still exists. The Confederacy dissolved after the defeat of the British and allied Iroquois nations in the American Revolutionary War.The Iroquois people have inhabited the areas of Ontario and upstate New York for well over 4, years.
Technically speaking, "Iroquois" refers to a language rather than a particular tribe. In fact, the Iroquois consisted of five tribes prior to European colonization. Jul 07, · To acknowledge the contribution of the Iroquois Confederacy of Nations to the development of the United States Constitution and to reaffirm the continuing government-to-government relationship between Indian tribes and the United States established in the Constitution.
Dec 06, · This is the contribution of native Americans, particularly the Iroquois, to the mix. The Iroquois constitution, called the Great Law of Peace, or Gayanashagowa, contains many echoes of our Constitution, and in a number of respects, is more advanced in thought than the Constitution that resulted from the Convention of Oct 03, · Iroquois Confederacy, self-name Haudenosaunee (“People of the Longhouse”), also called Iroquois League, Five Nations, or (from ) Six Nations, confederation of five (later six) Indian tribes across upper New York state that during the 17th and 18th centuries played a strategic role in the struggle between the French and British for mastery of North America.
The Iroquois Constitution and the United States Constitution - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. The United States Constitution was influenced by the concepts and the principles contained in the Iroquois Indian Confederacy form of governance which was founded in Native American mythology.5/5(1).
Among the Haudenosaunee (the "Six Nations," comprising the Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora peoples) the Great Law of Peace is the oral constitution of .